Vitamin k is a fat-soluble vitamin. It is a group of vitamins and, most importantly, vitamin K1 and K2. When we talk about vitamin k benefits, it is always related to blood clotting and regulating blood calcium levels. For making Prothrombin, our body requires vitamin k. Prothrombin is a clotting protein, it is needed for clotting of blood, and it is also necessary for bone metabolism.
As it is clotting protein, if it is deficient on the body, it can cause thin blood, causing bleeding disorder. In some patients taking medications like warfarin and heparin, it causes the thinning of the blood. For these patients, who are at risk and take medicine for blood thinning, vitamin k supplements are given to prevent bleeding disorders.
BENEFITS OF VITAMIN K:
- An essential factor for the healing of wounds.
- An essential factor for clot formation.
- An essential factor for bone metabolism.
- Essential for healthy bones.
- It is an antioxidant.
- Essential for normal blood clotting.
- It is a vitamin that is needed for making clotting protein.
- Vitamin k is needed for making thirteen proteins that are required for clotting.
- It is essential for making Prothrombin.
Vitamin k and wound healing:
As discussed further, vitamin k is an antioxidant, and it is crucial in wound healing. A study was done on animals for wound healing. It aimed to study and investigate the benefits of vitamin k in the process of wound healing. The patients were given the vitamin k cream for topical application, and they found good results and speedy healing of the wound. So in that study, the scientist includes that vitamin k is good in wound healing. It reduces the time of healing in patients.
Vitamin k and clot formation:
Vitamin k is essential in the formation of clots. It decreases and prevents excessive bleeding. Vitamin K2 is more critical in this group. It is responsible for the clotting of blood. It is essential in coagulation as it assists all the coagulation factors and causes clotting. Vitamin k is very crucial in blood coagulation. Without vitamin k, it is impossible for our bodies to forms blood clots.
As discussed, it is essential, and without this, it is impossible to survive, it is critical to ingest vitamin k and to metabolize it. It is vital in making a person hemostatic stable. It is an equilibrium of the body, and it is important in the average survival of the person.
Vitamin k is vital in making a plug of platelets around the injured vessels. Then the platelet plugs will be converted into fibrin, and to reach the fibrin, all the coagulation enzymes will get activated. After activating all the coagulation enzymes, it will increase the process of forming a clot and prevent the overflow of blood.
Recommended doses of vitamin k:
- For children 0 to 3 months: 2mcg
- For children 3 to 12 months: 2.5 mcg
- For children 1 to 3 years: 30mcg
- For children 4 to 8 years: 50 mcg
- For children 9 to 13: 60 mcg
- For children 14 to 18: 75 mcg
- Men: 120 mcg
- Women: 90 mcg
- Pregnant and breastfeeding: 75 mcg.
The chemical name of vitamin k:
The chemical name of vitamin k is 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and is a fat-soluble vitamin. The main form of vitamin k is phylloquinone, and it is mainly obtained from green leafy vegetables.
Sources of vitamin k:
As per most of the vitamins, the food sources of vitamin k is also green leafy vegetables. It is also obtained from vegetable oils and some other fruits. It is also present in meat and eggs. So, we can get this from our daily diet. It is present in reasonable quantities in fermented foods. It is also present in Natto, which is special Japanese food.
The amounts of vitamin k in fermented foods depend upon the type of food, the fermentation process, the strains of bacteria used for fermentation, and the condition of fermentation. Some other most common and important sources of vitamin k include spinach, broccoli, and some fats and oils. It is also present in soybean and canola oils. Some companies fortified vitamin k with some food items that are then used for breakfast resources. The bioavailability of vitamin k in food items is different.
Deficiency of vitamin k:
Due to various causes, some people may have a deficiency of vitamin k. The weakness of vitamin k is more common in adults, and it can b4 fulfilled with some nutritional supplement. The symptoms that can be associated with the decrease in vitamin k is more common in the following persons:
- Are taking anticoagulants that prevent the formation of clot formation.
- Are taking antibiotics, which interferes with the formation of vitamin k.
- Are taking less vitamin k in the diet.
- I am taking more vitamins A and E.
Newborn baby and vitamin k:
When the baby is born, the baby is given the injection of vitamin k at the time of birth. Newborn babies are more prone to deficiency of vitamin k, and the reason behind this can be the following:
- Newly born baby’s liver is not able to form the vitamin k.
- Breastfeeding mother milk is not enough in vitamin k.
- Vitamin k is not transferred from the mother to the baby.
- So, newborns may be deficient with vitamin k and should be given vitamin k at the time of birth so to prevent any bleeding problems.
As discussed above, vitamin k is a fat-soluble vitamin. It should be present in reasonable quantities in the human body. Functions of vitamin k are to form a clot and blood coagulation. Deficiency of vitamin k can cause bleeding disorders, can causes thinning of blood and other problems. Newborn babies should be given vitamin k at the time of birth to prevent bleeding problems. If a person is taking some blood-thinning medicines like heparin and warfarin, he or she should be given the supplementation of vitamin k to avoid any bleeding problems and diseases.